Possessive pronouns in Spanish are important for even the most basic conversation, and their rules of usage aren't quite the same as in English. Each Spanish possessive pronoun has four forms that must agree in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) with the noun in the phrase they replace. Learn about possessive pronouns in Spanish with fun practice quizzes. Spanish possessive adjectives always precede the noun or possession. trabaja en el aeropuerto. A Spanish possessive pronoun (pronombre posesivo), such as mío or suyo, is used in place of a noun and a possessive adjective. An adjective describes a noun, so these come before nouns to tell who owns or has a relationship to the noun. yours (familiar) The direct object is the object that directly receives the action of the … Erichsen, Gerald. Spanish Possessive Adjectives (Long Form), Possessive Adjectives (Short Form) in Spanish, How To Know When to Use the Familiar Forms of ‘You’ in Spanish. 0. Possessive pronouns in Spanish are generally straightforward except for one small detail. 1. los míos. Mi departamento está lejos de aquí, pero el. My apartment is far away from here, but theirs is close. The Spanish possessive pronouns are listed in the table below. Spanish Possessive Pronouns Sometimes the longer form is used with the definite article (el / la / los / las). ThoughtCo. These pronouns are the same as the long forms of possessive adjectives, but are almost always used with the definite article. For example: Esta casa es la suya - This house is yours. Learn possessive pronouns spanish with free interactive flashcards. In today’s theoretical Spanish podcast, we talk about how to … So, for example, you wouldn't normally substitute de mí for mío. The single, masculine form of the pronouns can also be treated as neuter and thus be preceded by the definite article lo. Here are the possessive pronouns of Spanish with simple examples of their use: tuyo, tuya, tuyos, tuyas — yours (singular informal), suyo, suya, suyos, suyas — his, hers, yours (singular formal or plural formal), its, theirs, nuestro, nuestra, nuestros, nuestras — ours, vuestro, vuestra, vuestros, vuestras — yours (plural informal; infrequently used in Latin America). Possessive Pronouns in Spanish . ours el nuestro / la nuestra los nuestros / las nuestras. His is smaller. Spanish has two types of possessive adjectives: short-form possessives, which go before the noun they refer to, and long-form possessives, which go afterward. The following sentence has an example of a noun with a possessive determiner, su acento and later a possessive pronoun el mío, which replaces what would have been mi acento. Learn about possessives in Spanish grammar with Lingolia and practise using them in the exercises. Similarly in Spanish, “it’s mine” would be translated as “es mío”, or “es el mío”. This noun being replaced is called the antecedent. They can also indicate a relationship between people. Possessive pronouns are the words which replace nouns modified by possessive adjectives. Ellos tienen su acento mexicano, pero el mío, como … What Are the Names for Body Parts in Spanish? For more information on Reflexive verbs, see Reflexive verbs. They do not necessarily match the number or gender of the person or thing that has possession. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/possessive-pronouns-spanish-3079364. https://www.thoughtco.com/possessive-pronouns-spanish-3079364 (accessed January 22, 2021). "Possessive Pronouns." A possessive pronoun in Spanish is used the same way as in English, to replace a noun or a possessive adjective.For example, instead of saying "This is my book" (possessive adjective + noun) you could just say "This book is mine" (possessive pronoun).. In Spanish, words like 'mine' or 'mía' are possessive pronouns; we use them to say 'who' something belongs to. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Definite Articles With Possessive Pronouns. The possessive pronoun and the article that precedes it reflect the gender of the unstated but understood noun that is possessed. ¿Dónde trabaja su esposo?. For example, in English, we could have the following dialogue: Person 1: My dog is white with brown spots (Mi perro es blanco con manchas cafes.) The Spanish possessive pronouns … Difference between Spanish possessive pronouns and adjectives 4. los suyos. Possessive adjectives are simple: mi, tu, su, and nuestro. Suyo replaces ‘libro’ - a singular, masculine Spanish noun. The possessive pronouns are similar to the possessive adjectives, but they are normally used with the definite article. Choose the correct possessive pronoun to replace the *starred* possessive noun phrase in each sentence. 3. el mío. Now that you understand the difference between Possessive Pronouns in Spanish and Possessive Adjectives, let focus on the first one. Each Spanish possessive pronoun has four forms that must agree in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) with the noun in the phrase they replace. yours (familiar) el tuyo / la tuya los tuyos / las tuyas. Choose from 500 different sets of possessive pronouns spanish flashcards on Quizlet. Erichsen, Gerald. A Spanish possessive pronoun ( pronombre posesivo ), such as mío or suyo, is used in place of a noun and a possessive adjective. Note that you wouldn't normally use the "de + object pronoun" to refer to those that aren't included in the meaning of su. Here you can see that the word “ mío ” (mine) is, in fact, replacing the noun. Note that third person singular, formal second person singular, and third person plural possessive pronoun forms are the same! Where does your husband work? Possessive pronouns ( my, your, his/her) + family members/animals/pencil case items Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. He doesn't love his. Possessive Pronouns Missing Letters Spanish Worksheet-Ernesto Clases Divertidas Description: This is a 2-page missing letters worksheet. Reflexive pronouns, a type of object pronoun that forms part of Spanish reflexive verbs like lavarse (meaning to wash) or llamarse (meaning to be called). A possessive pronoun indicates possession or belonging making a reference to the owner and the object possessed. However, they are normally preceded by a definite article, the equivalent of "the" in English. yours (formal), his, hers el suyo / la suya los suyos / las suyas. Possessive pronouns are the equivalent of the English pronouns "mine," "yours," "his," "hers," "theirs" and "its," but they aren't used in exactly the same way in Spanish as they are in English. That table is yours. Check out these examples of Spanish possessive pronouns. Possessive pronouns in Spanish are counterpart words like “mine” and “theirs” in English that replace a noun in a sentence. Learn the possessive pronouns in Spanish with TuLinguaFranca! Amo a mi esposa. Possessive pronouns also indicate possession, but they replace the possession (the noun). ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. - I love my wife. Suyo is the possessive pronoun for ‘ustedes’ (plural you) and it replaces this person’s possession. We cannot mistake them with possessive adjectives since these always go next to a noun; the pronouns replace it. Spanish possessive pronouns are pretty similar to the possessive adjectives. Possessive Pronouns indicate possession or belonging making a reference to the owner and the object possessed. If someone asks you which car to take to the store, you can say “mine” instead of “my car” because you already know … = Ésta es mi casa. for each one: 1. Notice that ‘galletas’ is a feminine, plural noun. There are 5 possessive pronouns in Spanish and each has 4 forms as it must always agree with the noun that it replaces. Select the correct possessive pronouns. The Spanish possessive pronouns are as follows: mío, mía, míos, mías (mine) tuyo, tuya, tuyos, tuyas (yours—informal singular) suyo, suya, suyos, suyas (his, hers, theirs, yours—formal singular and plural) nuestro, nuestra, nuestros, nuestras (ours) The Difference Between Possessive Adjectives and Possessive Pronouns. The order of the possessive pronouns in Table 2 reflects the order of the subject pronouns that would refer to the owner. Pronouns often stand in for a noun to save repeating it. But the difference between a possessive adjective and a possessive pronoun is the difference between "my" (mi) and "mine" (mio). As the name suggests, possessive pronouns are used in the place of nouns rather than to describe nouns as adjectives do. These words have a plural form, but not all of them have a feminine form. Neither Masculine nor Feminine: Using the Neuter Gender in Spanish, The possessive pronouns of Spanish take the same form as the long form of the possessive adjectives, namely. Incorrect. 1/40. You learned in [link to lesson 15 – Possessive Adjectives] that possessive adjectives show belonging or ownership. Is this Malena's cellphone? [ view full lesson] These pronouns are the same as the long forms of possessive … They must agree with a noun in gender and number. They all have a plural and feminine form. Except when followed by forms of ser , a verb meaning "to be," the possessive pronouns are preceded by el , la , lo , los , or las . Each possessive pronoun is linked to a subject pronoun in a certain way, for example: Yo – Mío, Tú – Tuyo and so on. Spanish possessive pronouns or LOS PRONOMBRES POSESIVOS are words like “Tuyo” (yours) and “mío” (mine) that can be used to talk about the things we own. Nuestras replaces the possession or property which in this case is ‘galletas’. Demonstrative pronouns like this or those, which point things or people out. ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/possessive-pronouns-spanish-3079364. The long-form possessive adjectives are: mío, mía, míos, mías — my, of mine tuyo, tuya, tuyos, tuyas — your (singular familiar), of yours Possessive pronouns in Spanish take the same form as the long form of the possessive adjectives, mío, tuyo, suyo, and nuestro, along with their plural and feminine counterparts. The difference is that in these cases, the possessive is acting as a pronoun, meaning that it replaces the noun rather than modifying it. The article is usually dispensed with when the possessive pronoun follows a form of the verb ser, such as son or es, as in the examples, although it is sometimes retained for emphasis. Complete the following translations, writing the correct possessive pronoun (mía, tuya, suya, etc.) There is no difference in meaning between the two forms of possessives, … The possessive pronouns are the same as the longer form possessives as mentioned above. Whereas, possessive pronouns replace a previously mentioned noun. This is my house. If you've learned the long form of the possessive adjectives, you already know the possessive pronouns of Spanish. mine el mío / la mía los míos / las mías. "Possessive Pronouns." The second sentence is an example of a Possessive Pronoun in Spanish. Possessive adjectives and pronouns indicate possession and belonging. Correct. (2020, August 27). Even though singular, the pronoun can stand for more than one object. 5. Todos los veranos *mis amigos* iban a Europa. 2. el suyo. As you can see from the examples, possessive pronouns must match the noun they represent in both number and gender, just as do the long-form possessive adjectives. The neuter form is used when no specific object is being referred to. The possessive pronouns of Spanish take the same form as the long form of the possessive adjectives, namely mío, tuyo, suyo, nuestro, and vuestro along with their plural and feminine counterparts. - No, hers doesn't have a case. Erichsen, Gerald. Direct Object Pronouns. Possessive adjectives are used before or after a noun. In Spanish there are different forms of possessive pronouns depending on whether the noun is masculine or feminine, singular or plural. This one one is ours. When context doesn't make its meaning clear, the possessive pronoun can be omitted and replaced by a prepositional phrase such as de él (instead of "his") or de ellos (instead of "theirs"). Note that unlike the equivalent pronouns in English, the Spanish possessive pronouns are usually preceded by a definite article (el, la, los or las), the equivalent of "the." SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. How to use Spanish possessive pronouns. We cannot mistake them with possessive adjectives since these always go next to a noun; the pronouns replace it. Él no ama a la suya. The detail is about knowing whether or not you need to use the definite articles with the possessive pronouns. Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. A possessive pronoun replaces a noun preceded by a possessive determiner like mi, tu, su, etc. In fact, some grammarians classify the long-form possessive adjectives as pronouns, even though they are used to describe nouns. In the table below, you'll find the different forms Spanish possessive pronouns can take. Questions. Suyo and the related forms can be ambiguous since they can mean "his," "hers," "yours," "theirs," or "its." El suyocan mean his, hers, yours, or theirs. his/hers/its/yours (Ud.) 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